Concept Detectors: How Good is Good Enough?

A Monte Carlo Simulation Based Approach

by Robin Aly and Djoerd Hiemstra

Today, semantic concept based video retrieval systems often show insufficient performance for real-life applications. Clearly, a big share of the reason is the lacking performance of the detectors of these concepts. While concept detectors are on their endeavor to improve, following important questions need to be addressed: “How good do detectors need to be to produce usable search systems?” and “How does the detector performance influence different concept combination methods?”. We use Monte Carlo Simulations to provide answers to the above questions. The main contribution of this paper is a probabilistic model of detectors which outputs confidence scores to indicate the likelihood of a concept to occur. This score is also converted into a posterior probability and a binary classification. We investigate the influence of changes to the model’s parameters on the performance of multiple concept combination methods. Current web search engines produce a mean average precision (MAP) of around 0.20. Our simulation reveals that the best performing video search methods achieve this performance using detectors with 0.60 MAP and is therefore usable in real-life. Furthermore, perfect detection allows the best performing combination method to produce 0.39 search MAP in a artificial environment with Oracle settings. We also find that MAP is not necessarily a good evaluation measure for concept detectors since it is not always correlated with search performance.

The paper will be presented at ACM Multimedia in Bejing, China.

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